Thursday October 4, 2012, at Street 200 West Sherbooke, besides metro Place des Arts, a conference about tropical forests and climate change was held in the memory of Pierre Dansereau, a Canadian ecologist known as the “fathers of ecology”.
The main highlighted points were:
- Carbon cycle: What goes up must go down.
- The ice core of Vostok
- Greenhouse gases (GHG)
- Half the weight of the tree is carbon
- Between 10% and 30% of CO2 emissions are caused by deforestation
- The majority of the deforestation happens in Africa and South America
- How to detect deforestation? The project was done in Panama by using RS (remote sensing) and GIS (Geographical Information System)
- REDD- United Nations collaborative Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries
- How to reduce the deforestation in Panama? The plan implementation was based on signs to communicate information aiming at deforestation prevention, buffer zone for reforestation, and local forest guards (i.e: indigenous people)
- And still the existence problem between the agriculture and he pastoralist. The tragedy of commons as a reflection.
- Showing how good decision-making and policy making process in Panama have played an important role in managing the natural resources of the country. Unlike Panama, decision-making and policy making process about managing the natural environment in Quebec was prohibited by Stephen Harper, Prime Minister of Canada.
- Also, taking Ecuador as a good example on how countries can save nature through politics. In addition, taking Guyana as another example ‘Guyana suspends gold, diamond mining permits over pollution fears‘
- Now, back to Quebec! The mining projects are predicted to increase. Currently, in Quebec, 100 enterprises emit 25 Kt CO2 eq.
- Western Climate Initiative (WCI) Quebec?? Cap-and-Trade?? More of ‘greenwashing’? Green economy??
- Thoughts noticed during the presentation: a) The intercultural aspects of soil usage cannot be ignored. b) Perception of an apparent lack of interest and political willingness.
Of course, not to forget the Amazon! Urgent action: Reduction of 80% of deforestation in 2020 in the Amazon.
P.S: All the above photos were taken by Cherine Akkari